Writing & Text

[Author: Bill Fischer]

Integrating visual narratives is at the core of this writing style. Doing so, effectively, will eliminate the need for separate audio-described versions of animation, video, and film, as well as bring illustrated print media to life for the sight-impaired viewer or reader.

The Process Framework

  1. List the socio-emotional events that will be integrated into the story
  2. List the characters and props that will be included, and make them inclusive.
  3. Wrap the the events and list into a four part story. Append notes describing the scenes that will be included the illustrations or video
      1. Life in balance
      2. Set up: problem presented
      3. Body: problem gets worse
      4. Resolution: problem is solved
  4. Add visual narrative text for sight-impaired and neurodiverse populations
  5. Check for inclusive pronouns and adjust accordingly.

A Quick Example for Writing a Visual Narrative

This example writing happens to be from a script for a scene in an animation created by KCAD student Luke Cleveland as part of The EPIC Project. The visual narrative bits are broken out and listed below the line (there can also be office sound effects that help to set the scene)

“I’m in my cubicle, my bachelor’s degree on the wall, writing editorial opinions for my on-line newspaper, while others work around me.”

The Visual Narrative Bits

  • my cubicle, my bachelor’s degree on the wall
  • while others work around me

An Extensive Example Script Written Before Visuals Are Created

This School Board Member Script Breakdown demonstrates how to generate visual narratives before visuals are created.

An Extensive Example Script With It's Associated Images

This Supreme Court Judge Animation Script Breakdown includes its associated images and animation.


Inclusive Writing: Gender Neutrality

Part of inclusive writing involves neutralizing reference to gender or sex , such as using "they" in place of "he" or "she". Strict english language traditionalists may take umbrage with this usage, but it seems to be accepted in contemporary writing for more often than not and I believe inclusivity trumps tradition in these cases.

Examples of Gender Neutral Titles

  • businessman: business person, business people
  • chairman: chair, chairperson
  • mailman: mail carrier, letter carrier, postal worker
  • policeman: police officer
  • salesman: salesperson, sales associate, salesclerk
  • stewardess: flight attendant
  • waitress/waiter: server, table attendant
  • man: person, individual
  • mankind: people, human beings, humanity
  • freshman: first-year student
  • man-made: machine-made, synthetic, artificial
  • actor/actress: actor
  • congressman: legislator, congressional representative
  • fireman: firefighter